Munich beer background

Few cities are more strongly associated with beer than Munich is - this is the home of beer gardens and the Oktoberfest after all!

Former Munich resident Karl Marx wasn’t kidding around when he declared beer to be the "staple food of Munich".
The Germans even classify beer as food for tax purposes making for wonderfully reasonable prices – beer is actually cheaper than cola or bottled water just about everywhere you go.
Beer is usually served in half-litre glasses, but the one-litre Maß is also very common.
At most beer festivals including Oktoberfest it’s all they serve. Quarter-litre glasses do exist, but tend to be reserved for grandmas.

WATCH: You won't believe how many beers this German waiter carried when he set the new record.

Draught beer is termed "vom Fass". Munich beer is best enjoyed in a beer garden with a few good friends, pretzels, quality banter and a few laughs.

Average beer consumption per person per country:

France: ....................33L
Canada: ....................60.3L
UK: ............................67.7L
USA: ..........................75.8L
Australia: ................74.2L
Ireland: .....................97L
Austria: ..................104.8L
Germany (total): .....104.7L
Bavaria: ......................135 -140L
Czech Republic: .......142.6L

And the clear winners are: the Czechs! Well, everyone’s gotta be the best at something, right? Still, the Bavarian's aren't that far behind.

Sources: Wiki,

Beer to the core

paulaner beerLIQUID BREAD: Beer is Bavaria is sometimes
known as Flussiges Brot, or "liquid bread".
Pic: CC by Peter Baker

Brewing used to be an ad-hoc affair, with nasties like tree bark, moss and animal fats often thrown in the mix for want of quality ingredients.
So the Bavarian Beer Purity Law (Bayerische Reinheitsgebot) was introduced by  Duke Wilhelm IV and his brother Ludwig X on April 23, 1516. This law decreed that only barley, hops and water were the only ingredients allowed in beer, and the rule was later ammended to allow wheat.
Yeast, which is vital for the fermentation process, was not understood back in those days and brewers allowed natural yeast from the air to do their work for them.
In fact, no-one had properly shed a light on the mysteries of yeast until Louis Pasteur discovered the fermentation process in 1857 - despite people having made beer and bread for thousands of years!
The Reinheitsgebot is the world’s oldest and most famous food regulation, and many breweries still stick to it even though it hasn't been the law to do so for many years.
It continues to set Bavarian and Munich beer apart with a seal of quality.

Halleluiah, it’s raining beer!

I’m not pulling your leg when I say that it rains beer in Munich. No kidding. It’s called the "Sog".
It occurs when the mercury drops below zero and the waste air from the breweries condenses in the lower atmosphere.
White, snow-like particles form up and nose-dive onto Munich’s streets and rooftops.
So if the wallet is empty after an all-night carouse but you find yourself thirsting for more, just look up and walk around with your mouth open. You might get lucky.

hofbrauhaus beerLIQUID GOLD: Me with a Maß of the good stuff at Munich's Hofbräuhaus.

The breweries

Believe it or not, the state of Bavaria holds just shy of half the breweries in the entire German nation. Its oldest brewery is also the world’s oldest – the Weihenstephan monastery-brewery has been tapping the amber fluid the local bishop granted it a licence in 1040.
Munich had over 70 breweries by the end of the 1700s. A gradual consolidation process reduced the ranks to the "big six" still alive today - Augustiner, Paulaner, Hacker-Pschorr, Spaten-Franziskaner, Löwenbräu and Hofbräu.
Augustiner is the clear favorite Munich beer and, along with Hofbräu, the only one not to have been taken over by international brewing conglomerates.
Smaller breweries abound in the countryside and almost always have a good restaurant and beer garden attached.
Much daytripping fun can be had making a pilgrimage out to popular spots like the monk-inhabited Kloster Andechs monastery/brewery and the royal Schlossbrauerei Kaltenberg.

Hands off our brew!

augustiner beerFAN FAVORITE: Augustiner beer is Munich's
favorite. On the left is a Weissbier (white beer)
on the right a Dunkles (dark beer).
Pic: CC augustiner varieties .A.A.

Since the city’s founding fathers discovered "pir" was taxable have Munich’s poo-bahs occasionally tried to stand between Munich locals and their beer, usually with disastrous results.
Tensions flared most notably in 1844, when the otherwise-popular King Ludwig I tried to raise the price of beer to two pfenning, sparking the so-called "Beer Revolution".
Thousands took to the streets and over 50 breweries were burned down before Ludwig was forced to back down.
Another failed try at beer regulation took place in 1995, when a court ruling declared al beer gardens had to close at 9pm.
25,000 riled-up Munich locals stormed en masse onto Marienplatz to protest, and the decision was promptly reversed, lesson well learned.

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